Glaucoma is an extremely serious group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, leading to the gradual loss of vision. Glaucoma frequently occurs when there’s abnormally high pressure within the eyes (intraocular pressure), which can damage the fibers of the optic nerve and cause vision problems. The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommends routine glaucoma screenings for individuals with a high risk of glaucomas, such as diabetic individuals and those with a family history of glaucoma.
Routine glaucoma screenings are important because glaucoma is a progressive and irreversible condition. If you don’t diagnose glaucoma at an early stage, it will continue damaging your optic nerve, leading to the progressive loss of vision. Severe glaucoma leads to permanent and irreversible blindness. While there’s no cure for glaucoma, early intervention can prevent the condition from progressing or dramatically slow the progression. As such, if you have a high risk of glaucoma because of age, medical conditions, or medical history, please opt for routine glaucoma screenings. It is important to understand most glaucoma is an asymptomatic disease until you start to lose vision.