Cataracts are an extremely common eye condition that can occur as you grow older. Cataract surgery is a procedure that removes the diseased lenses and replaces them with artificial lenses, thus restoring optimal vision and eyesight. Traditional cataract surgeries can stop the progression of cataracts, but they don’t address your refractive problems, so you still need to wear eyeglasses after surgery. But refractive cataract surgery goes one step beyond traditional cataract surgery — it can significantly reduce your dependence on glasses after surgery.
What is Refractive Cataract Surgery?
Going Beyond Traditional
Refractive cataract surgery goes beyond the scope of traditional cataract surgery because it aims to restore optimal visual acuity. Most patients undergoing a traditional cataract surgery continue suffering from refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia. Because of refractive errors, they must continue wearing contact lenses or eyeglasses after cataract surgery. But refractive cataract surgery involves replacing your natural lenses with specialized lenses that reduce your dependence on eyeglasses.
Refractive cataract surgery can correct the following refractive errors:
- Myopia (Nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (Farsightedness)
Diagnostic Tests &
Screening for Cataracts
Medical Surgical Eye Institute performs a thorough eye examination to diagnose cataracts and refractive errors. During your initial consultation, the eye doctor will examine your eyes, discuss your symptoms, and suggest a series imaging tests to fully evaluate your visual system. Each part of the eye examination will reveal details about your ocular health, based on which the eye doctor will curate a personalized treatment plan for you.
The following is an overview of the basic diagnostic tests for cataracts:
- Visual Acuity Test: You will have to read an eye chart with letters and symbols, based on which the eye doctor will determine if you have 20/20 vision or refractive errors.
- Slit-Lamp Test: The eye doctor will use a microscope to illuminate your cornea, iris, and lens and identify the smallest of anomalies in your eye structure.
- Retinal Exam: The eye doctor will administer eyedrops to dilate your pupils and examine the back of your retina and lens for signs of cataracts.
- Tonometry: The eye doctor will use a special device to measure the intraocular pressure in your eyes because of fluid buildup.
If you are interested in refractive cataract surgery to decrease your dependence on glasses your ophthalmologist will suggest additional testing to determine if you are a good candidate for these specialized intraocular lenses. However, the additional tests and use of specialized lenses incurs an out of pocket expense not covered by private insurance, medicare or medicaid.
Recovery After Refractive
Your eyes might be swollen and red after refractive cataract surgery. You might also experience mild redness, tenderness, pain, and dryness in your eyes. Other side effects include increased light sensitivity and blurry vision for a few days. You must wear protective sunglasses and eye shields, and please avoid rubbing your eyes after the surgery. The eye doctor will also prescribe medications to prevent infections and inflammation. Your eyesight should gradually improve over 1-2 weeks.
Schedule an Appointment
Medical Surgical Eye Institute is a premier eye care center specializing in cutting-edge treatments for cataracts, glaucoma, and other eye conditions. We use the latest technological innovations to correct cataracts and improve your overall visual acuity, liberating you from your dependence on eyeglasses. Our medical providers personalize all treatment plans according to your unique condition and requirements. Please schedule an appointment to explore your refractive cataract surgery options in Worcester.