Corneal dystrophy is a condition in which the clear outer layer of the eye (cornea) becomes thin and cloudy. The cornea is the eye’s outermost layer and helps to focus light, and when it’s damaged, you may experience vision problems. The exact symptoms and progression of corneal dystrophy vary from person to person. Corneal dystrophy starts with minor vision problems, but it can eventually lead to a severe loss of vision. There is no cure for corneal dystrophy, but treatment can slow its progression and improve vision.
What is Corneal Dystrophy?
Symptoms of Corneal Dystrophy:
- Swelling of the cornea
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Difficulty seeing at night
- Crescent-shaped areas of opacity (guttata)
- Corneal erosion
- Sensation of objects in the eyes
- Dry eyes
- Watery eyes
How is Corneal Dystrophy Diagnosed?
The first step in diagnosing corneal dystrophy is a comprehensive eye exam. This will include a visual acuity test, which measures how well you see, and a slit-lamp exam, which allows your eye doctor to closely examine the structures of your eye. Your doctor may also recommend corneal topography. This test uses light to map the surface of your cornea. It can help your doctor see changes in the shape of your cornea because of corneal dystrophy.
Treatments for Corneal Dystrophy
There is no cure for corneal dystrophy, but our treatments can improve vision and prevent the condition from worsening. Our medical providers curate personalized corneal dystrophy treatment plans based on your symptoms, the variation of corneal dystrophy, and the affected corneal layers. The following are some of the treatments for corneal dystrophy:
- Specialized eye drops and ointments lubricate the eye and prevent corneal dryness.
- Corneal transplants replace the damaged cornea with a healthy one from a donor.
- Contact lenses improve vision by correcting the shape of the cornea.
- Laser surgery improves vision by reshaping the cornea.
Schedule an Appointment
Medical Surgical Eye Institute is a state-of-the-art ophthalmology practice specializing in cutting-edge treatments to improve your vision. We treat your eye conditions at the earliest stages to help you maintain optimal ocular health and vision. If you notice the signs and symptoms of corneal dystrophy, please schedule an appointment for your diagnosis in Worcester, MA.